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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-34

A study of dermatoscopic pattern of periorbital hypermelanosis

Department of Skin & V.D, MGM Medical College & Hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ashish R Deshmukh
Department of Skin & V.D MGM Medical College & Hospital, N-6, CIDCO, Aurangabad, Maharashtra - 431 003
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2349-5847.208295

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Background: Periorbital hypermelanosis is a condition characterised by bilateral homogenous, hyperchromic macules and patches, primarily involving the upper and the lower eyelids. Aim: To study dermoscopic patterns of periorbital hypermelanosis. Materials and Methods: The study comprised 200 patients, of age above 18 years, attending the Skin and V.D. Out Patient Department. Detailed history was noted in the proformas, and the dermoscopic finding in view of colour of pigment, pattern of pigment and pattern of blood vessel was noted with a Dermlite-3 model. Result: Out of 200 patients, 78 (39%) had epidermal type of pigmentation, that is, light brown, 18 (9%) had dermal, that is, dark brown to grey and 104 (52%) had mixed type, that is, visible vascularity with epidermal type of pigmentation. Reticular pattern was the only type of vascular pattern which was observed in all mixed type of pigmentation. Conclusion: Patients with periorbital hypermelanosis showed brown circles, with colours on dermoscopy from brown to grey based on the level of pigmentation and reticular type of vessel arrangement.

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